Found almost identical pic online from an upholsterer that said chair was hand carved from 1890's as marked on wood frame. This chair appears to have jute webbing and I see moss & cotton batting from underside. Was reupholstered in the 1970's. Upholstery is still in great condition. Not sure if wood has been refinished. Wood finish is worn on nose of dogs but wood itself is in good condition. Chair is sturdy and comfortable.